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The USEPA Hazardous Waste Generator Improvements Rule is Here

The Georgia EPD has adopted the USEPA Hazardous Waste Generator Improvements Rule, which becomes effective in Georgia on September 28, 2017. The changes in the regulations affect all hazardous waste generators. The hazardous waste generator requirements have been reorganized and consolidated into 40 CFR 262 to make them more user-friendly. The highlights of the rule that affect generators are as follows:

Very Small Quantity Generator (VSQG)

  • Replaces the term “conditionally-exempt small quantity generator.” A VSQG generates ≤ 220 pounds of hazardous waste in a calendar month.
  • VSQGs are allowed to send hazardous waste to a Large Quantity Generator (LQG) under control of the same person. Note that additional recordkeeping and reporting rules apply to the LQG receiving the waste.

Episodic Generation for VSQGs and SQGs

  • Allows VSQGs and SQGs to maintain their existing generator category if, as a result of a planned or unplanned episodic event, the generator would generate a quantity of hazardous waste in a calendar month sufficient to cause the facility to move into a more stringent generator category, provided that:
    • VSQGs must obtain RCRA ID number
    • One episodic event per calendar year with ability to petition for second event
    • If the first event is planned, the second event must be for an unplanned event or vice versa
    • Notify State at least 30 days prior to initiating planned episodic event
    • Notify State within 72 hours after an unplanned event
    • Conclude event within 60 days, including shipping episodic waste off-site

Waste Determinations

  • Must be accurate to ensure proper management of the waste
  • Waste must be classified at its point of generation
    • before dilution, mixing or other alteration occurs
    • at any time in the course of its management that it has, or may have changed its properties such that its waste classification may have changed.
  • SQGs and LQGs are required to identify applicable waste codes based on the determination.

Central Accumulation Area (CAA)

  • Replaces the term Hazardous Waste Storage Area (i.e., 90/180/270 day storage area)
  • CAA is subject to either 40 CFR 262.16 for SQGs or 40 CFR 262.17 for LQGs

Satellite Accumulation Areas (SAA)

  • Added the option for generators to convert an SAA to a CAA when maximum volumes are exceeded
  • SAAs at LQGs must comply with 40 CFR 262 Subpart M
  • SAAs at SQGs must comply with 40 CFR 262.16(b)(8) & (9)
  • Defined “under control of the operator”
    • Can be locked or unlocked
    • Should be within view, so it can be monitored
    • Operator refers to those responsible for the equipment or processes
  • Containers in SAAs, CAAs, or hazardous waste tanks must be marked or labeled with the following:
    • The words “Hazardous Waste” and an indication of the hazards of the contents, including but not limited to:
      • Applicable hazardous characteristics (i.e., ignitable, corrosive, reactive, toxic), or
      • The DOT requirements (40 CFR Part 172 Subpart E or F), or
      • A hazard statement or pictogram consistent with OSHA Hazard Communication Standard, or
      • A chemical hazard label consistent with the NFPA code 704
      • Do not have to label lab packs with waste codes if lab packs are to be incinerated, except those that contain D004 (arsenic), D005 (barium), D006 (cadmium), D007 (chromium), D008 (lead), D010 (selenium), or D011 (silver)

Preparedness, Prevention & Emergency Procedures

  • For SQGs, posting of names and telephone numbers of emergency coordinators next to a telephone can be next to telephone or in an area directly involved in the generation and accumulation of hazardous waste.
  • If an EC is continuously on duty 24-hours per day, every day of the year, the plan may list a staff position and a phone number manned by the staffed position.
  • Required emergency equipment:
    • Provides flexibility in storing equipment in other areas of the facility when it is infeasible and inappropriate for safety reasons to store the equipment immediately next to generation and accumulation areas
    • Immediate access means “direct and unimpeded access”

Contingency Plan

  • Emergency Coordinators (ECs) now only need to provide an emergency telephone number, not addresses and home phone numbers.
  • Requires a Quick Reference Guide to assist emergency responders:
    • Types and hazards of hazardous waste
    • Maximum amount of hazardous waste present at any one time
    • Identification of any hazardous waste where exposures would require unique or special treatment by medical or hospital staff
    • Map showing locations where hazardous waste is generated, accumulated or treated and routes for accessing these areas
    • Street map of facility in relation to surrounding businesses, schools, and residences for evacuation purposes
    • Location of water supply
    • Identification of on-site notification systems
    • Name and contact information for ECs
  • Arrangements with Local Authorities has not changed except that the generator must attempt to make arrangements with the Local Emergency Planning Committee (LEPC), if determined to be the appropriate organization with which to make arrangements.

Renotification for SQGs and LQGs

  • SQGs must re-notify every four years beginning September 1, 2021. Renotifications will be due every four years on September 1st of that year.
  • LQGs re-notify when they submit their biennial report (every March 1st of even numbered years).

Requirements for LQGs Closing a CAA

  • Place notice in the facility’s operating record that identifies the CAA that is being closed
  • Close CAA in accordance with closure standards of 40 CFR 262.17(a)(8)(iii)
  • Notify EPD within 90 days of closure.

Requirements for Closing a Facility

  • Notification on EPA Form 8700-12
  • Close CAA in accordance with closure standards of 40 CFR 262.17(a)(8)(iii)

50-foot Buffer Waiver

  • Regulations require that ignitable and reactive wastes must be stored at least 50 feet from the property line. If a LQG is unable to meet this requirement, they can apply for a site-specific waiver from the authority having jurisdiction over the fire code. Generator must keep written approval in their records.

EPS Assistance: If you are a current client of EPS, we will be contacting you shortly to discuss how the new rules affect your operations. If you are not a current client of EPS and would like our assistance, please call Ted Peyser, Alan Anderson, or Debbie Bethea at (404) 315-9113.

The Georgia rules can be reviewed at the following web address:

https://epd.georgia.gov/chapter-391-3-11-rules-hazardous-waste-management.

The USEPA rule summary and link to the rule (November 28, 2016 Federal Register) can be reviewed at the following web address:

https://www.epa.gov/hwgenerators/final-rule-hazardous-waste-generator-improvements

GA EPD Issues Final NPDES Industrial Storm Water General Permit

On March 6, 2017, the Georgia Environmental Protection Division (EPD) issued the revised NPDES General Permit for Discharges Associated with Industrial Activity, GAR050000. The Permit becomes effective June 1, 2017 and expires May 31, 2022.

A few examples of modifications in the new Permit include:

  • Dumpsters and roll-offs that do not have lids and could contaminate storm water must ensure that discharges have a control (e.g., secondary containment, treatment).
  • Perform inspections and preventive maintenance of drainage structures, treatment systems, and plant equipment and systems.
  • Inspect and maintain baghouses at least quarterly and immediately remove any accumulation of dust.
  • Clean catch basins when debris depth reaches two-thirds of the basin depth. The debris surface must be at least six inches below the outlet pipe.
  • Examine erosion and sediment control measures during the Annual Comprehensive Site Inspection and state each measure as adequate or needing improvement.
  • Delineate all areas subject to erosion on the Site Map.
  • Hardness-dependent benchmark concentrations must be determined based on the receiving stream’s hardness value, and not on the site’s storm water discharge.

What’s Required: 
The Notice of Intent (NOI) must be submitted electronically to EPD on their on-line portal called “GEOS” within thirty (30) days of the Permit’s effective date of June 1st. The Storm Water Pollution Prevention Plan (SWPPP) must be updated within ninety 90 days and all changes must be implemented within 180 days of the Permit’s effective date. Additionally, any facility operating under a No Exposure Exclusion must reapply for the exclusion within 30 days of the effective date of the permit.

EPS Assistance:
If you are a current client of EPS, we will be contacting you shortly to assist in setting up your GEOS account, submitting your NOI, and preparing your new SWPPP to meet the new Permit requirements.

If you are not a current client of EPS and would like our assistance, please call Ted Peyser or Alan Anderson at (404) 315-9113.

The Permit can be reviewed at the following web address:
http://epd.georgia.gov/sites/epd.georgia.gov/files/related_files/site_page/FinalSigned2017IGP-20170306.pdf

Georgia EPD Issues the Revised Draft Industrial Storm Water General Permit

Georgia EPD has issued the Draft 2017 NPDES General Permit No. GAR050000 for Storm Water Discharges Associated with Industrial Activity. The comment period ends on September 9, 2016. EPD expects to issue a revised draft of the Permit on October 3, 2016 and hold a public hearing on November 9, 2016.

EPD has held several stakeholder meetings and received numerous comments. Some of the more significant, non-sector specific, proposed changes from the existing 2012 Permit are listed below. Note that based on stakeholder comments received, we believe that several of these proposed changes may be removed from the final Permit.

  • Catch basins/retention ponds are required to be cleaned when the depth of debris reaches 2/3 of the sump depth. The debris surface must also be at least 6 inches below the lowest outlet pipe.
  • The allowable timeframe for documentation of corrective action is reduced from 30 days to 14 days. The allowable timeframe for implementation of corrective action, without requiring approval from EPD, has been reduced from 90 days to 45 days.
  • Photo documentation of the quarterly visual (outfall) sample against a neutral background is required. A comparison of the current visual sample to past results is also required.
  • Erosion and sediment control measures must be examined more closely in the Annual Comprehensive Site Evaluation.
  • Training at hiring and annually thereafter is now required. Training topics are now specified.
  • The Site Map must include areas prone to erosion and where control measures are installed or needed.
  • The Storm Water Pollution Prevention Plan must be made available directly to the public without EPD involvement.
  • Numerous changes are proposed to Appendix C Impaired Stream Monitoring.

Currently, the effective date of the Permit is June 1, 2017. As part of the Permit renewal, companies will be required to resubmit their Notice of Intent (NOI) 30 days before the effective date of the Permit. Storm Water Pollution Prevention Plans must also be updated and in place prior to NOI submittal.

The draft Permit can be found at the following link:

http://epd.georgia.gov/sites/epd.georgia.gov/files/related_files/site_page/2017IGP-FIRST%20DRAFT-20160729.pdf